Broad-faced Potoroo
Lesser Bilby

Broad-faced Potoroo (1875, Australia)
Eastern Hare Wallaby (1890, Australia)
Lake Mackay Hare-wallaby (1932, Australia)[1]
Desert Rat-kangaroo (1935, Australia)
Thylacine (1936, Tasmania, Australia)
Toolache Wallaby (1943, Australia)
Desert Bandicoot (1943, Australia)
Lesser Bilby (1950s, Australia)
Pig-footed bandicoot (1950s, Australia)
Crescent Nailtail Wallaby (1956, Australia)
Red-bellied Gracile Opossum (1962, Argentina)


Steller's Sea Cow (1768), Commander Islands

Bulldog Rat

Oriente Cave Rat (?, Cuba)[2]
Torre's Cave Rat (?, Cuba)[3]
Imposter Hutia (?, Hispaniola)[4]
Montane Hutia (?, Hispaniola)[5]
Lagostomus crassus (?, Peru)[6]
Galápagos Giant Rat (?, Galápagos Islands)[7]
Canariomys (Canary Islands)
Flores Cave Rat (1500, Indonesia)
Verhoeven's Giant Tree Rat (1500, Indonesia)
Cuban Coney (1500, Cuba) [8]
Hispaniolan Edible Rat (~1546, Hispaniola)[9]
Puerto Rican Hutia (?, Puerto Rico)[10]
Big-eared Hopping Mouse (1843, Australia)
Darling Downs Hopping Mouse (1846, Australia)
White-footed Rabbit-rat (1870s, Australia)
St Lucy Giant Rice Rat (1881), Saint Lucia)[11]
Short-tailed Hopping Mouse (1896, Australia)
Nelson's Rice Rat (1897, Islas Marias)[12]
Guadalcanal Rat (1899, Solomon Islands)
Long-tailed Hopping Mouse (1901, Australia)
Martinique Giant Rice Rat (1902), Martinique)[13]
Bulldog Rat (1903, Christmas Island)
Maclear's Rat (1903, Christmas Island)
Martinique muskrat (1903, Martinique)[14]
St Kilda House Mouse (1930, St Kilda)
Darwin's Galapagos Mouse (1930, Galapagos Islands)[15]
Gould's Mouse (1930, Australia)
Pemberton's Deer Mouse (1931), San Pedro Nolasco Island) [8]
Lesser Stick Nest Rat (1933, Australia)
Indefatigable Galapagos Mouse (1934, Galapagos Islands)[16]
Chadwick Beach Cotton Mouse (1938, Florida)
Ilin Island Cloudrunner (1953, Philippines)[17]
Little Swan Island hutia (1955, Swan Islands)
Blue-Gray Mouse (1956) Australia)[18]
Pallid Beach Mouse (1959, Florida)
Emperor Rat (1960s, Solomon Islands)
Minorcan Giant Dormouse (Minorca, Spain)


Cebu Warty Pig (2000, Philippines)


Sardinian Pika (1774, Sardinia)[19]
Majorcan Hare (1980s, Majorca, Spain)


Marcano's Solenodon (1500s, Hispaniola)[20]
Christmas Island Shrew (1985, Christmas Island) (officially critically endangered, but has not been reliably seen since 1985)[21]
Balearic Shrew (Europe)[22]
Sardinian Giant Shrew (Sardinia, Italy)
Tule Shrew (1905, Baja California ). Only known by the four type specimens collected in 1905

Small Mauritian flying fox

Puerto Rican Flower Bat (?, Puerto Rico)[23]
Lesser Mascarene Flying Fox (1864, Réunion, Mauritius)
Guam Flying Fox (1968, Guam)
Dusky Flying Fox (1870, Percy Island)[24]
Large Palau Flying Fox (1874, Palau)
Nendo Tube-nosed Fruit Bat (1907, Solomon Islands)
New Zealand Greater Short-tailed Bat (1988, New Zealand)
Lord Howe Long-eared Bat (1996, Australia)[25]
Sturdee's Pipistrelle (2000, Japan)[26]
Christmas Island pipistrelle (2009, Christmas Island)

Chinese River Dolphin

Baiji (2006, China) (officially listed as functionally extinct; it is possible that a few aging individuals still survive)
Atlantic Gray Whale (became extinct due to overhunting also known as whaling)


Chilihueque, (16th or 17th century, Chile) [27]
Cape Warthog (1900, South Africa)
Aurochs (1627, Poland)
Caucasian Wisent (1927, Caucasus)
Carpathian Wisent (1790, Carpathian Mountains)
Eastern Elk (1887, United States)
Merriam's Elk (1913, United States)
Bluebuck (1799, South Africa)
Bubal Hartebeest (1923, North Africa)[28]
Red Gazelle (1894, Algeria)
Schomburgk's Deer (1932, Thailand)
Caucasian Moose (mid-19th century, Caucasus Mountains)
Queen of Sheba's Gazelle (1951, Yemen)[29]
Saudi Gazelle (Declared extinct in 2008, but not seen decades before that; Saudi Arabia)
Portuguese Ibex (1892, Portugal)
Pyrenean Ibex (2000, Pyrenees)

Javan Tiger, pictured 1938

Falkland Island Wolf (1876, Falkland Islands)
Sea Mink (1894, Northeastern North America)
Japanese Sea Lion (1970s, Japan)
Caribbean Monk Seal (1952, Jamaica)
Atlas bear (1870s, Atlas Mountains)
Barbary Lion (1922, Atlas Mountains)
Hokkaidō wolf, (1889, Japan)
Honshū wolf (1905, Japan)
Cascade Mountains Wolf (1940, British Columbia)
Banks Island Wolf (1920, Banks Island)
Cape Serval (South Africa)
Sardinian Lynx (1908, Sardinia, Italy)
Formosan Clouded Leopard (1983,Taiwan)
Cape Lion (1858, South Africa)
Bali Tiger (1940s, Bali)[30]
Mexican grizzly bear (1960s, Mexico)
Caspian Tiger (1970s, Tajikistan) [31]
Javan Tiger (1976, Java) (possibly still in existence due to a villager's report.)[32]
Eastern Cougar (2011, Eastern United States)
Japanese river otter (2012, Japan)


Koala lemur (1500, Madagascar)


Quagga (1883, South Africa)
Tarpan (1909, Eurasia)
Syrian wild ass (1928, Syria)
Western Black Rhinoceros (2011, West Africa)[33]