In Ukraine, the Christmas holidays begin since 2nd of January. Prior to Christmas in the Ukraine, people try to complete almost all important work. As usual, the hostess thoroughly cleans the house, covers the new tablecloth, tries to make new clothes before holiday. On January 4th Ukrainians prepare everything for the future festive Christmas dinner. According to tradition, there should be 12 courses for Svyatvecher (Christmas). All they have to be lean.
Traditionally, 12 courses are prepared because it is believed that during the year the month run over the earth for 12 times. Therefore, Ukrainians dedicate one dish to each month. To 12 traditional Christmas dishes belong today: kutya (boiled wheat, with honey, Wallachian nuts, poppy seeds and raisins), uzvar (broth made from dried fruits: pears, apples, plums, cherries), buckwheat or millet porridge, beans, boiled peas, vegetable pies with cabbage or fruit, dumplings, mushrooms, stuffed cabbage rolls (boiled rice wrapped in cabbage leaf), and cakes (baked dough bread) with a poppy etc. Kutya is of the particular attention. It and uzvar are prepared first, on Christmas Eve - January 6, at dawn, kutya should be...