An archetype is a model device commonly used in media, and there are quite a few of them present in The Lion King. Sometimes archetypes are used to allow the viewer to make a better connection with a character or narrative, sometimes they are used to symbolise something important, and sometimes they are used simply because it makes sense to do so. Here are just some of the archetypes used in the 1994 animated movie...
This is, of course, Simba. The Reluctant Hero is a common archetype used in a lot of movies, and is normally the protagonist. Simba is the good guy and the rightful king to the Pridelands, even though for a large portion of his life he would rather leave the past behind him. It takes a lot of encouraging from other characters until he finally returns home and faces the antagonist Scar to take back his kingdom.
Wise Old Man
This character archetype is almost always present in a work that contains a Reluctant Hero, and acts as a guide or mentor to them on their journey. The Lion King's Wise Old Man is Rafiki. While Rafiki is present a number of times throughout the film, his Wise Old Man...